Foreign visitors consider Romanians among the friendliest and most hospitable people on earth. Romanians are by nature fun loving, warm, hospitable, playful, with an innate sense of humor.
Romania is associated with big names in arts and sports:
Constantin Brancusi — one of the most acclaimed modern sculptors.
Angela Gheorghiu, one of the world's greatest opera soprano - www.angelagheorghiu.com
Alexandra Nechita — a young Romanian painter living in California, known for her distinct style. For more info about Alexandra and her art please visit: http://alexandranechita.com/
Ilie Nastase — Twice ranked as the world's number one men's player in the early 1970s, Ilie Nastase won two Grand Slam singles titles during his illustrious career - the US Open in 1972 and the French Open in 1973. One of the greatest touch players of the post-war era, Nastase was runner-up at Wimbledon in 1972 and 1976 and, in all, he won 57 career singles titles and 51 doubles titles. Nastase is still one of crowd's favorites at the U.S. Open.
Radu Lupu - If there's one pianist who challenges you to hear classical music in a whole new way, it's Radu Lupu.
Since winning the Van Cliburn Competition in 1966, he's gained a loyal following for his idiosyncratic interpretations that always explore the complex emotions behind the music.
(Attribution: www.carnegiehall.org )
More about Radu Lupu »
Nadia Comaneci — A gymnastics legend, stunning the world with her skills on the uneven bars, the first in the world to score a perfect 10. Nadia is practically single-handedly responsible for the popularity of gymnastics as a sport, thanks to sweeping the Olympics for gold medals in her youth.
Other world renowned Romanian artists include the writer Eugen Ionesco, pan flute virtuoso Gheorghe Zamfir and musician George Enescu.
About 19,500,000 people live in Romania.
Ethnic breakdown is 89% Romanian 7.5% Hungarian, 1.9% Gypsy, German, Ukrainian, Armenian, Croatian, Serbian and Turkish. More than 55% of Romania's population lives in towns and cities.
There are 263 towns in Romania out of which 25 have a population of more than 100,000 while 8 cities count more than 300,000 inhabitants.
45 % of Romanians live in rural areas: 2,868 communes and 13,285 villages.
The administrative divisions are called "judet" (county).
There are 41 counties in Romania.
The capital city, Bucharest, has the status of a county.
Bucharest — the capital of Romania has a population of more than 2,200,000.
Eastern Orthodox 78%
Greek Catholic 10%
Roman Catholic 5%
Unitarian, Jewish, other
Romanian, a Latin based language which is a continuation of the
Latin spoken in ancient times in Dacia and Moesia —
the eastern provinces of the Roman Empire.
A 31-letter Latin alphabet is in use.
Ethnic minorities (Hungarian and German) use their own languages
in school and civil administration.
Literacy rate in Romania is 98%.
Most Romanians living in towns and cities are able to communicate in English, French or German. In smaller villages only younger people and children usually speak foreign languages.
• Around 80% of Romanians speak at least one foreign language
• 25% of Romanians speak at least 2 foreign languages
• 4% of Romanians speak more than 3 foreign languages
• Romania has over 100 universities, and the country annually
produces some 30,000 engineering graduates; 8,000 earn their
degrees in IT sciences
For more information about Romanian language, a pronunciation guide
and useful words and phrases please visit
To order the comprehensive
"Romanian - English/ English Romanian Dictionary & Phrasebook"
please e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org or visit www.hippocrenebooks.com
The book also includes information about Romania's historical and cultural background. $12.95 paperback; ISBN 0-7818-0921-5
Learn Romanian in Romania - Romanian Language Classes
January 1 and 2: New Year
March, April or May: Orthodox Easter Monday (date varies - see below)
May 1: Labor Day
May / June: Whit Monday (Rusaliile)
- celebrated 50 days
after the Orthodox Easter
August 15: The Assumption (Sfanta Maria)
November 30: Saint Andrew Day
December 1: Romania's National Day
December 25-26: Christmas
Dates of the Orthodox Easter (public holiday):
2013 - May 5 and 6
2014 - April 20 and 21
2015 - April 12 and 13
2016 - May 1 and 2
2017 - April 16 and 17
2018 - April 8 and 9
2019 - April 28 and 29
2020 - April 19 and 20
Dates of Rusaliile (public holiday):
2013 - June 23 and 24
2014 - June 8 and 9
2015 - May 31 and June 1
2016 - June 19 and 20
2017 - June 4 and 5
2018 - May 27 and 28
2019 - June 16 an 17
2020 - June 7 and 8
Several religious holidays including feasts of St. John (January 7),
St. George (April 23), Sts. Peter & Paul (June 29), St. Mary (August 15), St. Michael (November 8) and St. Nicholas (December 6) are observed throughout the year in rural areas.
It is customary for Romanians all over the country to celebrate their Saint's Name Day (Ziua Onomastica).
Ethnic minorities celebrate their own holidays.