SIGHETU MARMATIEI (See geh’ too Mahr mah’ tzeai)

City Highlights
» Museums
» Nearby Attractions
» Day Trips
» Authentic Experiences
» Festivals & Events
City Essentials
» Transportation
» Accommodations
» Tourist info
» Maps
Sighetu Marmatiei - City Map (Harta orasului Sighetu Marmatiei)
General Information
Location: Northwestern Romania
County: Maramures
Size: 2.5 sq. miles (6,57 sq. kilometers)
Elevation: 790 ft (247 meters)
Population: 100,000
First documented: 1334 (Plebanus Zygnet)
Bucharest on map - Romania Physical Map

SIGHETU MARMATIEI - City Highlights

Set amid beautiful rolling hills and farmland close to the Tisa River, Sighetu Marmatiei, also known as Sighet, is one of the main towns in the Maramures region, an area noted for its rich centuries-old traditions. The inhabitants of this area have preserved, to an amazing extent, the rural culture and crafts of their Dacian ancestors

The outdoor Village Museum in Sighetu Marmatiei boasts dozens of homes and farm buildings assembled from around the Maramures region. Beautifully carved wooden gates and unique wooden churches with tall spires and shingled roofs can be seen in many nearby villages. The towering Maramures wooden gates, often-compared to triumphal arches, are the calling cards of the local wood carvers. Supported by four columns, they feature traditional ornamental motifs, including the sun and the twisted rope, both symbols of life and continuity.

Other attractions of this town, which boasts religious buildings of many denominations, include the 16th century Reformed Church, the Ethnographic Museum (see details), the Elie Wiesel Memorial House (see details) and the Museum of Arrested Thought (see details) located in a former communist prison in the center of town.

The spiritual philosophy of the people of Maramures is perhaps nowhere more apparent than in Sapanta – a 20-minute drive from Sighet. The town folks’ ancestors considered death as a beginning, not the end, and this faith is reflected in the carvings in the town’s unique Merry Cemetery. Blue wooden crosses feature a carved scene and humorous verses that endeavor to capture essential elements - both the good and the imperfections - of the deceased’s life. Even without benefit of translation, visitors can appreciate the handiwork of sculptor Stan Ion Patras, who began carving these epitaphs in 1935, and his successors. Patras’ house in the village is now a fascinating museum. Sapanta is also home to several wooden gates and one of the region’s tallest wooden churches.

As it has for hundreds of years, social life in Maramures continues to revolve around the village church. The Wooden Churches of Maramures – located in the nearby villages of Surdesti, Plopis, Rogoz, Ieud, Poeinile Izei, Barsana, Budesti and Desesti - have been recognized by UNESCO as World Heritage Sites. Unique in shape and ornamentation, they have characteristic high roofs and tall, narrow, pointed steeples, often collectively describer as ‘the Gothic style of Maramures.’

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Jewish Sighetu Marmatiei

Wijnitzer Klaus Synagogue
Address: Str. Basarabia 10
Before World War II, eight synagogues served the local Jewish community. Today, only one, built in 1885 in an eclectic Moresque style, is still standing and in use.

Old Jewish Cemetery (Cimitirul Evreiesc)
Address: Str. Szilagiy Istvan
Sighet was a center of Hasidism and pilgrims from around the world still gather here to visit the tombs of the tzadikim (righteous ones) in the Old Jewish Cemetery.

Jewish Community Center (Comunitatea Evreilor din Sighet)
Address: Str. Basarabia 8
Telephone: (262) 311.652

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» Museums

Elie Wiesel Memorial House (Casa Memoriala Elie Wiesel)
Address: Str. Tudor Vladimirescu 1
Tel: (240) 513.249
Open: Tue. – Sun. 9:00 a.m. – 5:00 p.m.; Closed Mon.
Admission charge

Located at the corner of Dragos Voda and Tudor Vladimirescu streets, not far from the Wijnitzer Klaus synagogue, the house where 1986 Nobel Peace Prize winner Elie Wiesel was born is now a museum dedicated to the victims of the Holocaust and the Jewish way of life in Sighet before World War II. Born here in 1928, Elie Wiesel is the author of over 40 books, the best known of which is Night, a memoir that describes his experiences during the Holocaust and his imprisonment in several concentration camps.

Historians credit Wiesel with giving the term “Holocaust” its present meaning.

Wiesel writes candidly of his childhood in Sighet, where his parents were shopkeepers like many other Jewish townspeople. The town was annexed to Hungary in 1940. In 1944, Elie, his family and the rest of the Jewish community were placed in one of the two ghettos in Sighet. The Wiesel  family lived in the larger of the two, on Serpent Street. On April 19, 1944, the Hungarian authorities deported the town’s Jewish population to Auschwitz–Birkenau.

Maramures Ethnographic Museum (Muzeul de Etnografie al Maramuresului)
Address: Piata Libertatii 15
Tel: (262) 311.521
Open: Tue. – Sun. 10:00 a.m. – 6:00 p.m.; Closed Mon.
Admission charge

Housed in a baroque-style building from 1730, the museum displays a valuable collection of folk masks, old ceramics, carpets, woodcarvings, handmade rugs, icons painted on glass and other pastoral heritage items.

Maramures Village Museum (Muzeul Satului Maramuresan)
Address: Str. Dobaies 40
Tel: (240) 513.249
Open: Tue. – Sun. 10:00 a.m. – 6:00 p.m.; Closed Mon.
Admission charge

Laid out in the style of a traditional Maramures village, Sighet’s open-air ethnographic museum is home to numerous houses, farm buildings and a typical wooden church, all original structures transported from regional villages to the museum’s grounds.

Museum of Arrested Thought (Memorialul Victimelor Comunismului si al Rezistentei)
Address: Str. Corneliu Coposu 4
Tel: (262) 319.424

Email: muzeu@memorialsighet.ro
Web: www.memorialsighet.ro/en
Admission charge
Sighet's infamous prison, one of the most oppressive in the country during the communist years, witnessed the torture and starvation of numerous members of Romania's intellectual and political elite during the 1950s. Today a museum dedicated to the memory of the prisoners and the resistance movement in communist Romania, the prison features photographic displays illustrating the history of this gloomy institution. Those interested can also visit the prison’s cells and torture chambers.

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» Festivals and Events

Marmatia Festival of Christmas Traditions (December) – Hundreds of villagers promenade through town or ride horses adorned with ribbons, evergreen sprigs and embroidered saddlecloths. Carols, accompanied by traditional instruments, resound.

» Nearby Attractions

Merry Cemetery (Cimitirul Vesel) in Sapanta
Where: 10 miles northwest of Sighetu Maramatiei
Nearest train station: Sighetu Marmatiei

Colorful, five-foot, carved oak crosses, featuring carved portraits or scenes from the deceased’s life, are inscribed with witty epitaphs that capture essential elements – both the good and the imperfections – of the villagers who rest here. Words and images were chosen by the sculptor as he saw fit at this unique cemetery located just 15 minutes outside of Sighetu Marmatiei.

The crosses also feature geometric designs in symbolic colors: yellow for fertility (the subject had many children), red for passion, green for life, black for early death. The townsfolk’s ancestors considered death as a beginning, not the end. Therefore, the background is always blue, the color of hope and freedom.

Even without benefit of translation, visitors will appreciate the handiwork of sculptor Stan Ion Patras (1907-1977), who began carving these epitaphs in 1935. Patras’ house in the village is now a fascinating museum. Vasile Stan, one of Patras’ apprentices, continues the work of his master.

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» Day Trips

Maramures is dominated by a landscape of mountains and rolling hills. The Gutai, Lapus, Tibles Maramures and Rodnei Mountains are cut by passes including the Huta, Gutai, Prislop, Setref and Botiza. Three large valleys cross the region: the Viseu, Iza and Mara. The Rodnei Mountains National Park, a natural reserve filled with a rich diversity of flora and fauna, has been awarded biosphere status by UNESCO. Here, chamois leap between rocks, eagles’ cries ring out overhead and as the snows recede in the spring, crocus and other flowers cut swaths of dazzling colors across the landscape.

Sighetu Marmatiei is also the starting point for visiting a number of famous valleys with traditional villages: Tisa, Iza, Viseu, Mara and Cosau.

Across Eastern Europe, from Karelia and northern Russia all the way to the Adriatic, there is a strong tradition of building wooden churches, but in terms of both quality and quantity, the richest examples are in Maramures. 

Wooden Churches of Maramures

Woodlands still account for more than four-fifths of the land surface of Maramures. It is understandable, therefore, that wood has long been – and continues to be – the medium of expression for the region’s artisans. The Wooden Churches of Maramures are unique in shape and ornamentation. The characteristic high roofs and tall, narrow, pointed steeples are often collectively described as the Gothic Style of Maramures.

The primary material used by the artisans was local oak, which has survived the elements with sturdy elegance until the present day. The interior walls of the churches were painted by local artists, with biblical scenes often juxtaposed against the familiar landscape of the village. Seven of the almost 100 wooden churches in Maramures have been included on the UNESCO World Heritage Sites list.

Barsana - MaramuresBarsana Village
(Biserica Intrarea Maicii Domnului in Biserica)
Location: 10 miles southeast of Sighetu Marmatiei
Nearest train station: Sighetu Marmatiei

Built in 1720, the wooden church in Barsana features some of the most representative baroque indoor murals in Maramures. This outstanding church boasts an impressive collection of icons painted on glass and old religious books.

Budesti Village (Biserica Sfantul Nicolae)
Location: 15 miles south of Sighetu Marmatiei
Nearest train station: Sighetu Marmatiei
Dating from 1643, the church in Budesti is home to a
valuable collection of icons painted on glass which depict folkloric scenes; it also houses a unique collection of wooden icons painted on both sides. The influence of the Western Gothic style can be seen in the arrangement of the main belfry, which is surrounded by four smaller turrets.

Desesti Village (Biserica Cuvioasa Paraschiva)
Location: 16 miles south of Sighetu Marmatiei
Nearest train station: Sighetu Marmatiei

This wooden church was built in 1770 in traditional Maramures style and painted by the renowned post-Byzantine fresco painter Radu Munteanu. The interior is home to a collection of 14 painted wooden icons of great artistic value.

Ieud Village (Biserica Nasterea Maicii Domnului)
Location: 20 miles southeast of Sighetu Marmatiei
Nearest train station: Viseu de Sus

Built in 1364, the Church on the Hill is the oldest church in Maramures. Built of pine and fir with small windows, a double roof and a single, impressive steeple, it features 15th century primitive Byzantine-style murals. Fourteen icons, illustrating moments from “Judgment” to “Crucifixion” are placed along the path leading up to the church to recall “The Way to the Cross” that Jesus Christ walked to Golgotha. 

Plopis Village (Biserica Sfintii Arhangheli Mihail si Gavril)
Location: 27 miles southwest of Sighetu Marmatiei
Nearest train station: Viseu de Sus

Built between 1796-1798 and painted in 1811, this church’s construction combines architectural elements from both the Maramures and Transylvania regions. High walls endowed with two rows of windows increase interior illumination and add to the distinctive style of the church, the only one in Maramures with a vaulted roof.  

Poienile Izei Village (Biserica Cuvioasa Paraschiva)
Location: 18 miles southeast of Sighetu Marmatiei
Nearest train station: Viseu de Sus

This is one of the most beautiful and best-preserved architectural monuments in Maramures. An interesting element is the metal horned moon under the cross, considered a means of protection against the Tartars. Built in 1604, the church’s interior frescoes feature dramatic depictions of hell.

Surdesti - Maramures

Rogoz Village (Biserica Sfintii Arhangheli Mihail si Gavril)
Location: 10 miles west of Sighetu Marmatiei
Nearest train station: Sighetu Marmatiei

Built in 1663 of elm and painted in 1785, the wooden church in Rogoz features an asymmetrical roof with the northern side larger and lowered to protect the people standing outside during important religious celebrations. Unlike the typical churches in Maramures, this church has a much smaller interior space, with walls no higher than 10 feet.

Surdesti Village (Biserica Sfintii Arhangheli Mihail si Gavril)
Location: 30 miles south of Sighetu Marmatiei
Nearest train station: Baia Mare

Dating from 1767, the famous wooden church in Surdesti, built of oak beams skillfully intertwined, displays well-preserved interior watercolor canvases and a remarkable 175-feet tall belfry. Surdesti is known to be one of the highest oak buildings in the world with an overall height from ground level to the top of the steeple of 235 feet. Remarkably, no metal was used to erect the belfry as even the fastenings are made entirely from wood.

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» Authentic Experiences

Vasser Valley Narrow Gauge Steam Train (Mocanita)
For a one-of-a-kind experience, take the narrow-gauge steam train from Viseu de Sus. Starting from this small logging town, the steam railway runs along a scenic road for about 30 miles, chugging behind an old steam engine. The train provides the only access, other than on foot,  to settlements higher up in the valley. During stops, you can watch workers load firewood and take on water from clear mountain streams. On the trip back down in the evening, the engine driver whistles for brakemen to stop the train, sometimes to pick up or drop off  passengers, sometimes to gather wild mountain mushrooms.
For more information, please visit: www.romanianmonasteries.org/maramures/mocanita

Homestays
Past is present in Maramures. To experience both, forgo the larger towns for homestays, an increasingly popular and accessible option in the more than 200 villages.

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CITY ESSENTIALS

» Transportation

» By air

The closest airports are located in:
Baia Mare (BAY) – 30 miles from Sighetu Marmatiei
Cluj Napoca (CLJ) – 120 miles from Sighetu Marmatiei
Suceava (SCV) – 140 miles from Sighetu Marmatiei
Web Suceava Airport: (www.aeroportsuceava.ro/index_en.html)

» By train

Sighetu Marmatiei Train Station
Address: Str. Garii 2
Tel:  (262) 310.202

Daily trains connect Sighetu Marmatiei to Bucharest, Cluj Napoca, Arad and Timisoara. Trains also depart daily to Viseu de Jos, most of them continuing to Salva and Ceblean, the junctions for trains to Vatra Dornei, Campulung Moldovenesc, Gura Humorului, Suceava, Oradea and Brasov. The train station is located about a half-mile from the town center.

To check the latest train schedules for domestic routes, please visit the website of the Romanian Railways: www.cfrcalatori.ro
The site has complete information about domestic train schedules and fares.
Note: For departures from /to Bucharest, please select Bucuresti Nord.

Sighetu Marmatiei Advance Train Booking Office (Agentia de Voiaj SNCFR)
Address: Str. Libertatii 25
Tel: (262) 312.666

You can get train schedule information and make reservations up to 24 hours in advance at this office. Tickets for same-day travel can only be purchased at the station.

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» By bus

Sighetu Marmatiei Bus Station (Autogara)
Web: www.autogari.ro/Sighet/?sbd=Sighet&lang=UK

Daily domestic bus service from/to:
Baia Borsa
Baia Mare
Borsa Complex
Botiza
Budesti
Mara
Poienile Izei
Remeti
Sacel
Saliste
Sapanta
Sat Sugatag
Viseu De Sus

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» By car

Bucharest to Sighetu Marmatiei via E60/Route 1:
Bucuresti – Sinaia– Brasov –Targu Mures –Reghin –Bistrita –Beclean – Dej – Baia Mare – Sighetu Marmatiei

Cluj Napoca to Sighetu Marmatiei via E576 - E58 / Route 1C – DN18:
Cluj Napoca – Gherla – Dej – Somcuta Mare – Baia Mare – Sighetu Marmatiei

Satu Mare to Sighetu Marmatiei via E81 – E58/Route 1C – DN19:
Satu Mare – Livada – Negresti Oas – Sapanta – Sighetu Marmatiei

» Distances

Distance from Sighetu Marmatiei to:
City Distance (Miles)
Arad 215
Baia Mare 30
Bistrita 85
Brasov 235
Bucharest 350
Budapest (Hungary) 320
Cluj-Napoca 120
Constanta 465
Iasi 170
Oradea 140
Prague (Czech Republic) 650
Satu Mare 60
Sibiu 220
Sighisoara 160
Suceva 140
Timisoara 240
Tulcea 380
Vienna (Austria) 475

» Taxi companies

Radiotaxi: (262) 317.443
Taxi Party: (262) 318.888

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» Accommodations

For a list of available accommodations in Sighetu Marmatiei please click here
or check our Accommodations guide.

» Tourist Info

Sighetu Marmatiei Tourist Information Center (Centrul de Informare Turistica)
Address: Str. Piata Libertatii 21
Tel: (262) 312.552
E-mail: asociatiamtmm@yahoo.com
Open: Mon. – Fri. 9:00 a.m. – 5:00 p.m.; Closed Sat. & Sun.

Maramures Tourist Information Center (Centrul de Informare Turistica Maramures)
E-mail: office@visitmaramures.ro
Web:www.visitmaramures.ro

» Weather

Sighetu Marmatiei Weather Forecast
Web:www.weather.com/outlook/travel/businesstraveler/tenday/ROXX0017

» Postal services & Telephone

Post offices display a postal horn symbol and the word Posta.

Main Post Office
Address: Str. Bogdan Voda 2
Tel: (262) 311.115
Open: Mon. – Fri. 7:00 a.m. – 8:00 p.m.; Sat. 8:00 a.m. – 12:00 p.m.; Closed Sun.

Telephoning Sighetu Marmatiei from Abroad
International Access Code +40 (country code) + 262 or 362 (area code) + telephone number (six digit number)

» Pharmacies & Hospitals

Sighetu Marmatiei Hospital (Spitalul Municipal Sighetu Marmatiei)
Address: Str. Avram Iancu 22
Tel: (262) 311.541

Sighetu Marmatiei - Useful Telephone Numbers
Sighetu Marmatiei Area Code (Prefix) 262 or 362
Ambulance (Ambulanta) 961
Police (Politia) 955
Fire Department (Pompierii) 981
City Hall (Primaria) (262) 311.001

» Maps

- Sighetu Marmatiei - area map
- Romania Maps (Harta Romaniei)

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